Endpoint Vulnerability

Microsoft: Windows Denial of Service Vulnerability


Microsoft is aware of a denial of service vulnerability (named "FragmentSmack" CVE-2018-5391) affecting Windows systems. An attacker could send many 8-byte sized IP fragments with random starting offsets, but withhold the last fragment and exploit the worst-case complexity of linked lists in reassembling IP fragments. A system under attack would become unresponsive with 100% CPU utilization but would recover as soon as the attack terminated. Microsoft is working on an update to resolve this vulnerability.

Recommended actions

To protect your system from this vulnerability, Microsoft recommends that you take the following actions:
    Register for security notifications mailer to be alerted of content changes to this advisory. See Microsoft Technical Security Notifications. Test and apply security updates. See the Affected Products table to download and install the updates. If you cannot apply the security updates immediately, you can apply the workdaround described in FAQ #1.


1. What workaround(s) exist for this vulnerability? The following commands disable packet reassembly. Any out-of-order packets are dropped. There is a potential for packet loss when discarding out-of-order packets. Valid scenarios should not exceed more than 50 out-of-order fragments. We recommend testing prior to updating production systems. Netsh int ipv4 set global reassemblylimit=0 Netsh int ipv6 set global reassemblylimit=0 Further netsh guidance can be found at netsh. 2. Is Azure affected? Azure fabric layer protections mitigate this vulnerability. This is blocked before traffic reaches Azure VMs. 3. When will the security updates for this vulnerability be available? Microsoft will release the updates when sufficient quality/stability and functional bars are met. This advisory will be updated and mailer notifications will be sent when a fix is available. See Microsoft Technical Security Notifications. 4. What can I do at the perimeter to block this attack? Review the perimeter device guidance and modify reassembly packet limits similar to the commands listed in FAQ #1.

Affected Products

Windows RT 8.1,Windows Server, version 1709 (Server Core Installation),Windows Server 2016,Windows Server, version 1803 (Server Core Installation),Windows Server 2012,Windows 8,Windows 7,Windows 10,Windows Server 2008